. More ingredients to add to the quadruped’s balanced diet? Blue fish such as salmon, tuna and sardines, cereals, legumes, vegetables such as spinach or fruits that the dog can eat, such as apples and pears.
Meat, fish, eggs, vegetables
The first rule for feeding a dog: protein can never be missing from the plate. Dogs cannot survive without protein. Quality essential proteins for dog food include ten different types of amino acids, which dogs are not able to synthesize on their own and therefore need to be ingested through their diet. Those known as essential amino acids are responsible, among other things, for releasing the carbon that allows the glucose that feeds the canine body to do so.
Quality proteins are the ones that contain a good balance of these ten essential amino acids. And what are these quality proteins? The key is to choose dog food whose protein source is not too complex. In other words, proteins must be able to break down easily during digestion and release the amino acids they contain easily. This explains why complex proteins, such as those contained in hair or feathers, are of no nutritional interest to the dog.
The best sources of good protein for dogs are of animal origin: meat, fish, eggs and dairy products (although care must be taken, as some dogs are intolerant to milk). But there are also high-protein vegetables: peas, soy, brewer’s yeast and corn.
Omega 3 and for dogs
The fat in dog food is important: it is their main source of energy. And it comes in the form of animal fat, but also concentrated in certain energy-rich seeds. Food fat for dogs provides them with the essential fatty acids they need, but which their bodies cannot synthesize.
Why are these fatty acids important? These molecules are responsible for transporting so-called fat-soluble vitamins (which dissolve only in fat). And these fatty acids, in addition, are essential for the dog’s skin to stay healthy. Some of these fatty acids are omega 3 and omega 6. What ingredients do they include? Fatty fish, such as salmon or tuna, concentrate these healthy fats in their muscles. Another alternative is to use canned fatty fish, such as sardines, as long as they are not seasoned.
Carbohydrates and fiber for dogs
Dogs are often described as carnivores and, although it is true that they need a lot of meat in their diet, we cannot say that the dog is a mandatory carnivore. This implies why there are other ingredients in addition to those of meat origin, which must be part of the dog’s food: carbohydrates.
Although the dog is able to convert some of the protein he consumes into carbon, his body works better when carbohydrates are available directly in the food bowl. What are carbohydrates? There are also carbon, hydrogen and oxygen chains known as sugars, starches and even cellulose. Because they are important? The dog’s body is able to destroy these carbohydrate molecules almost immediately, thus obtaining the good sugars and starches that its body needs for energy. The most common sources of energy in dog food are cereals and legumes, as well as other vegetables.
Fiber, contained in many fruits that the dog can eat, such as apples or pears, helps him to go to the toilet normally, in addition to controlling his appetite. But you should not abuse it and it is advisable to consult your veterinarian or canine nutritionist.
There are 12 essential minerals for dogs. Highlights include magnesium, potassium and sodium, which are present in legumes and vegetables such as spinach, which help the dog to transmit nerve impulses through the body and also to make his muscles function properly.