According to the quoted source, Ukrzaliznytsia did not offer any reason for this decision, but previously stated that it had to introduce similar restrictions due to the large number of freight wagons that were crowded at border crossing points.
Ukraine, the world’s fourth-largest grain exporter, has been forced by the Russian invasion to redirect its grain deliveries by rail across the western borders to Poland, Slovakia or Romania, or by barges through the small ports on the Danube. But Ukraine needs to move 20 million tonnes of grain before the next harvest, which is less than three months away, to avoid deadlocks and a global food crisis.
The European Commissioner for Transport, Adina Vălean, appreciated that this is a gigantic challenge and recently announced that the Community Executive will collaborate with the governments of the EU member states to develop new transport routes for cereals in Ukraine.
A few weeks ago, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) announced that some 25 million tonnes of grain were stranded in Ukraine and could not leave the country due to infrastructure challenges and blocked ports on the Black Sea. .
Ukraine was the world’s fourth largest exporter of corn in the 2020/21 season and the sixth largest exporter of wheat, according to the International Council on Cereals.
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