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Steps for a healthy smile for your puppy. Tips from Pedigree Specialists


The oral cavity of dogs is more sensitive than that of humans, so proper oral care is very important to avoid serious consequences for the health of the quadruped.

But, Puppies are taught to hide their pain so as not to show weakness and that is why it is important to know how to identify the signs that can show us a tooth problem.

Healthy gums should be pink and teeth white with minimal discoloration. Regular oral examination is essential because tartar can form very subtly.

On the other hand, bad breath, the appearance of mineral salts at the base of the teeth, the avoidance of favorite toys or embarrassment in chewing are the most common signs that there is a problem and then we must go to a dentist.

The sooner the puppy gets used to regular oral check-ups, the better because the loss of baby teeth can be accompanied by the first problems.

Like people, puppies replace two sets of teeth during their lifetime. The first, baby teeth, begin to fall out at about four months, when they are gradually replaced by permanent teeth, and if the root of a baby tooth is poorly absorbed and begins to overlap with the growing tooth, the risk of periodontal disease and incorrect bite increases significantly.


The Waltham Institute, Mars Petcare’s science center, has identified who they are the most common, often subtle, signs of a quadrupedal dental problem:

  • Halitosis – an alarming sign often overlooked.

  • Chewing only on one side of the mouth.

  • Difficulty eating (food falling out of mouth).

  • Disinterest in favorite toys.

  • Avoid touching the muzzle or head.

  • Sneezing or runny nose.

  • Excessive salivation, possibly with blood.

  • Weight loss.

  • Swelling under the eyes or in the mouth.

  • Withdrawal of the gums with exposure of the root of the teeth.

  • Withdrawal and apathy.


1. First of all, we need to introduce the puppy to the toothpaste. Start with a small amount at first and let the quadruped smell and taste it.

2. The puppy is used to having something in his mouth while brushing. First, place a small amount of toothpaste on your side of your mouth, under your upper lip, and then spread it on your teeth. The puppy’s mouth should be closed so that there is no risk of biting your finger. Once you get used to this step, you can continue.

3. Now it’s time to show him your toothbrush. Use a toothbrush moistened with water and toothpaste applied and pressed into the brush brushes while holding it lightly in your mouth. The main goal at this time is not to let him chew his toothbrush. First brush the canines on one side and then on the other. Don’t start with the front teeth until you are used to the toothbrush because they are much more sensitive than canines.

4. Continue brushing your back teeth. The toothbrush should be inserted under the lips at the corners of the mouth. You can also use a smaller toothbrush for them. Gradually increase the intensity of brushing, but if the quadruped reacts negatively, you need to stop.

5. After completing all the steps, you can start cleaning your teeth. And this time it starts with the canines and continues to the back teeth. Finally, lift her upper lip and clean her incisors.

As with humans, it is best to make sure that we pay equal attention to each tooth. If possible, clean your puppy’s teeth regularly, at least once a day.


According to a study by the Waltham Institute, which looked at data from more than 3 million dogs in 60 of the most popular breeds, there are a link between the size of a dog breed and its susceptibility to gum disease.

Less experienced breeders prefer small breeds because they are easier to manage. Therefore, lack of experience leads to neglect of oral care for quadrupeds. Small breeds are up to five times more susceptible to gum disease than the large ones.

For example, for a Shetland shepherd (Sheltie) there is a risk of more than 30.6% of being affected by periodontal disease. Other breeds of dogs with high chances are butterflies (risk 29.7%), small poodles – toy (risk 28.9%), dachshunds (risk 28.1%) and bichons (risk 27.9%).


Complete dental care with suitable products such as Pedigree’s DentaStix range. TRIPLE ACTION chewing rewards help reduce tartar build-up by up to 80% and reach even hard-to-reach areas. The DentaStix range contains less than 2% fat and does not contain artificial colors, flavors or sugar.

About the Waltham Institute

The Waltham Institute is the scientific center of Mars Petcare, which works in several disciplines, such as: nutritional requirements for pets, the microbiome of dogs and cats, biomarkers of health and disease, or feeding behavior. The Waltham Institute has been a leading scientific authority on pet nutrition and welfare for over 50 years, and the knowledge generated at Waltham is vital to bringing to life the idea of ​​a better world for pets.

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