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Rubles for gas: Countries that have paid so far and those that have refused. How dependent some states are

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PGNiG (Poland): The company refused to pay Russian natural gas in rubles on April 12. Gazprom stopped deliveries on April 27. May sue for re-supply under the contract.

Bulgarian (Bulgaria): He refused to pay in Russia’s national currency. Deliveries were halted on April 27, as in the case of Poland.

Gasum (Finland): The Finnish government rejected the new payment method on 28 April. Deliveries were halted on May 21 after one week. Russia has also cut off electricity exports to the Nordic countries.

MVM (Hungary): “We pay in euros, Gazprombank converts into euros, and that amount is paid to Gazprom Export,” Hungarian Foreign Minister Péter Szijjártó told an April 11 news conference. He added that a new gas contract between CEE Energy, a subsidiary of MVM, and Gazprom Export, signed in September, already allows payments in rubles.

VNG (Germany): “We will pay the amount of the invoices, which will continue to be expressed in euros, in the Gazprombank accounts in accordance with the planned procedure, so that the timely payment to our supplier is ensured by us,” the company said on May 9. , stating that “we assume that the transfer in rubles will not cause difficulties … the opening of the account went completely without problems”.

RWE (Germany): “We are ready to pay in euros and we have opened a proper account. Therefore, we act in accordance with European and German regulations, “a company spokesman said on May 16.

Uniper (Germany): “It simply came to our notice then [un] Gazprombank and thus made arrangements for a contractual payment in euro to this account, in accordance with the new payment mechanism, “said President Klaus-Dieter Maubach on May 18.

Engie (France): “Engie has been in talks with Gazprom over Russia’s request to change the payment scheme for the supply of Russian gas. The group has taken the necessary steps to be prepared to fulfill its payment obligations, as long as it complies with European sanctions, the company announced on May 17.

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Eni (Italy): “Eni has started the process of opening two accounts at Gazprom Bank, as a precautionary measure (one in euros and the other in rubles),” the Italian company announced on May 17.

OMV (Austria): “We have now implemented a sanction-compliant payment process, which ensures that gas deliveries can be paid in a timely manner,” the company said on May 20.

ČEZ (Czech Republic): “I paid in euros according to the European Commission’s recommendation. We will not comment on the details, “a ČEZ spokesman said on May 20.

SPP (Slovakia): “Slovakia paid the April bill in euros under the valid contract (…) based on the EU’s view that such a payment does not constitute a breach or circumvention of sanctions,” the country’s economy ministry said on May 20.

Geoplin (Slovenia): Geoplin “agreed with the Russian partner on a payment procedure that is in line with the contract and, at the same time, with the measures and recommendations of the EU institutions,” Vanja Lombar, the company’s director, told Slovenian public television on May 20th.

How dependent are some states on Russian gas

Austria: It is estimated that 80% of the imported gas comes from Russia, although some of it is sent to other markets in the region. The industry consumes 40% of this gas, 30% consumes power plants, 20% housing, hot water and heating, and 10% public transport. Gas reserves are currently at 18% capacity, with which Austria can meet its needs from now until April.

Germany: 53% of its consumption needs come from Russia. Germany will import gas from Russia for at least another 10 years. The largest importer, Uniper, will maintain contracts with Gazprom, which expires by the middle of the next decade, according to a statement from the company’s general manager, Klaus-Dieter Maubach, quoted by Bloomberg.

Czech Republic and Slovakia: 87% of natural gas imported by Czech Republic are of Russian origin, while in the case of oil the share reaches 50%. As a precaution, the country has decided to increase its gas reserves by 200 million cubic meters.

Slovakia Ukraine’s neighboring state receives 100% of Russia’s natural gas and oil needs, while its two nuclear power plants are Russian-built, based on Russian technology and uranium supplies.

bondage is a historic ally of Russia and has been negotiating its entry into the EU for years. 85% of the natural gas consumed by the Balkan country is imported from Russia. In terms of oil, Serbia has to import almost 80% of its needs, and here it is completely dependent on purchases from Russia.

Hungary: Almost all energy imports from Hungary, which cover 70% of consumption, currently come from Russia. On the other hand, Budapest has turned to the state-owned nuclear company Rosatom to expand its only nuclear power plant.

Bulgaria: Bulgaria has been the closest and most loyal country in south-eastern Europe to the Soviet Union for decades, and as such is now completely dependent on energy imports. According to local analysts, up to 90% of its oil and gas consumption comes from Russia.

The main oil refinery is owned by the Russian consortium Lukoil, which covers 60% of its fuel needs. In addition, the only nuclear power plant in the country (Kozloduy) is of Russian construction and is completely dependent on nuclear fuel imported from Russia.

Other states that depend to a large extent on Russian gas are: France – 24%; Italy – 41%; Greece – 58%

Romania: It is the second largest oil and gas producer in the EU, making it the least energy-dependent country in the region. It imports 25% of the natural gas it consumes, which comes entirely from Russia, while it buys 70% of the oil it needs from abroad, of which 40% comes from Russia.

Romania has large quantities of untapped natural gas in the Black Sea and the capacity to produce clay gas as well.

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