The EU has rules for preventing and responding to gas outages, which identify three levels of crisis: early warning, alert and emergency. Member States must have plans in place to manage the impact of a supply disruption at all three levels.
In an emergency, governments can only intervene if market-based measures are insufficient to provide for the needs of households and customers covering essential services.
Measures such as gas rationalization would be used if the third phase of the emergency plan is activated, which requires an “immediate crisis”.
The government has allocated a budget of up to 5 billion euros to cover the nation’s gas reserves up to 80% of capacity by autumn, from 18% as it is now, above the 1.6 billion euros already caught for this year for a strategic gas reserve.
UK receives almost 3% of its gas from Russia. It will allow payments to Gazprombank and its EU gas subsidiaries by the end of May.
A spokesman for the national company said: “The supply continues from a number of different sources. The gas supply margin is expected to be sufficient in all our supply and demand scenarios. “
The national distribution company has tools available to handle any operational requirements, the spokesman added.
Greece it helps you Bulgaria after Russia cut off gas supplies, Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis told his Bulgarian counterpart on Wednesday.
Bulgariawhich uses more than 90 percent of Russia’s gas needs, has been in talks with Azerbaijan to increase imports and is looking for ways to bring liquefied natural gas through terminals in Greece and Turkey.
Its gas network operator has opened a tender for underground drilling as part of plans to nearly double its storage capacity and is preparing for further supply disruptions.
Denmark it has the same contingency plan as Germany because it is an EU member, but has not activated the “early warning” phase of the plan.
Operator of the gas transmission network in FranceGRTgaz, applied measures that could be invoked to limit the supply of gas to customers in case of shortage and asked distributors to fill their underground reserves before next winter.
The measures allow the company to issue orders to reduce or discontinue gas consumption within two hours for large consumers connected to its network and require distribution system operators to do the same in the event of a shortage.
France receives almost 20% of its gas from Russia.
Germany activated the first phase of “early warning” in an emergency plan. The second phase will take place when supply disruption or increased demand disrupts the usual balance but can still be corrected without intervention.
The third level of urgency applies when market measures fail to remedy the shortcomings and when the regulator of the German network has to decide how to distribute the remaining gas reserves.
Russia covered 55% of gas imports from Germany in 2021 and 40% in the first quarter of 2022.
German gas lobby group Zukunft Gas (Gas of the Future) said that on Wednesday Germany had to start storage immediately because Russia uses fuel as a political tool.
In an intervention plan, Greece, which mainly uses gas to generate electricity, would receive additional quantities of LNG and convert four gas-fired power plants to the diesel source. It could also increase Azerbaijani gas purchases.
The combustion capacity of the spare coal can also be activated.
Russian gas covers almost 40% of the country’s annual needs.
Ecological Transition Minister Roberto Cingolani said that Italy it can count on sufficient reserves to prevent a critical situation in the next few months if it should suspend gas imports from Russia soon.
Italy receives almost 40% of gas supplies from Russia.
Netherlands receives almost 15-20% of its gas from Russia. The government has said it will ask citizens and businesses to use less gas, but has not yet activated the crisis plan.
In the event of supply risks, the Ministry of Climate Poland submits a formal motion to the government to introduce restrictions on the use of gas by consumers. This will primarily affect the industry but will protect households. The measure had not yet been activated.
Poland receives almost 50% of its gas demand from Russia.
Poland’s energy stocks are secured, the climate ministry said on Tuesday in response to news that Russia will immediately cut off supplies. The minister said there was no need to access gas supplies and consumers would not be affected.
A gas pipeline connecting Poland to Norway’s gas fields to reduce Poland’s dependence on Russia will be partially operational from October 1, Energy Security Minister Piotr Naimski said on Wednesday.
Poland he also said that he does not need to use the gas reserves, which are 76% full.
No country on the peninsula Iberia it does not need Russia as its main supplier.
Spainwhich bought 8% of LNG from Russia in 2021, said security of supply is based on several sources.
Switzerland, which has a low dependence on natural gas, of almost 15% of energy consumption, decided in March to establish a reserve for the winter. The gas industry and the authorities are working on its implementation.
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