` Narendra Modi: The Second Term of power last five years
Narendra Modi: How is the second term of power different from the last five years
















In India, Narendra Modi returned to power with an overwhelming majority after the elections in May last year. How was the first year of power this time compared to his previous term? What are the social and political issues on which Modi has been praised or criticized?

After Code 19, will India emerge as a major global power in the four years of Modi's rule as claimed?


There is no clear change in the foreign policy of any country within a year. But within a year some new trends can be considered and based on these trends the policies of the government and its performance can be highlighted.


The key trends for the first year of the second term of the Modi government are as follows:

* Emphasis on autonomy

* Decrease in Prime Minister Narendra Modi's foreign visits

* Relations with Pakistan strained over Kashmir issue

* Concerns over the controversial Citizenship Act (CAA)

* Criticism of Delhi riots globally

* US President Donald Trump's visit to India

* Saudi Arabia and the UAE react strongly to Islamophobia in India


* Diplomatic relations during the Corona epidemic














Narendra Modi's relations with his neighbors China and Nepal are not conducive at present

Autonomy

Before the completion of one year of Narendra Modi's second term government, a new word has started appearing in the language of the Prime Minister. That is autonomy.

In his May 12 address to the public on Code 19, he repeated the words "sovereign" and "sovereignty" 33 times.

Sovereignty is being linked to the country's resources and production. That is, when the Prime Minister says that we need to be independent, he literally means that we have to develop on our own strength instead of relying on any foreign country.

Apparently this points to the changing economic policies of the government, but in today's world when the world is so interconnected, no major country or no major economy can succeed on its own, especially in Corona. After the virus, when there is already talk of a 'New World Order'.


Former Indian junior foreign minister MJ Akbar says the slogan of sovereignty is a historic "shift".

 The day we become dependent on others will be the day of economic slavery. We used to ask for wheat, rice and grain from foreign countries. We had to kneel down when a very serious crisis arose in 1967-68. After that, our farmers made us independent in terms of food production, so today we raise our heads.

He then gives the example of India's independence in the field of medicine, saying, "Imran Khan is the Prime Minister of Pakistan. They banned all imports from India but sold drugs from India without telling anyone.


"On the one hand, we are connected to the world, but we need to be independent to deal with the current crisis," Indian Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Sharangala told officials at the National Defense College recently. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said the same thing in his recent address. Sovereignty does not mean that we will be isolated from the rest of the world. An independent India would be a better international India






















Overseas tour

If you look at the past of a Prime Minister Narendra Modi, he had made several foreign trips. This time, after returning to power with an overwhelming majority, his foreign trips have come down sharply. According to MJ Akbar, the last one year has been spent in correcting the shortcomings in the policies.

MJ Akbar says that no Indian Prime Minister has visited Nepal and Arab countries for years. In the last one year, the Modi government has strengthened ties with these countries. In addition, the Prime Minister has visited most of the countries with which India had traditional relations or countries where the Prime Ministers of India had not visited.

"Modi's foreign tours have put India on the world map," said Massim Enemy, France's foreign affairs correspondent. The expectations of small countries from India have increased. India-France relations have improved and trade has grown exponentially.

Indian journalist Vanessa Warrick has been reporting and analyzing India's foreign policy for a long time. The fanfare with which Indian expatriates living abroad greeted Narendra Modi is commendable. But in the last one year, his foreign trips have come down and in the last one year, there have been some incidents in India which have affected his reputation, ”he said.

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Kashmir
Kashmir was once again the talk of the world after the lockdown imposed on Jammu and Kashmir on August 5 last year due to security concerns after its legal special constitutional status was revoked.

Pakistan reacted strongly. The United Nations united against this decision of Pakistan and India but the big and powerful countries of the world did not listen to Pakistan.

The issue was debated in the international media for a few days and some international media strongly criticized the Modi government.


Within India, the move was seen as a major achievement of the Modi government.



Pakistan had reacted strongly to the Kashmir issue.


What has been said in foreign countries on the CAA

After the CAA legislation was approved in parliament in December, the opposition sharply criticized the government, saying the law was anti-Muslim and violated secular principles of the constitution.

It was also feared that the NRC (National Register of Citizens) and the NPR (National Population Register) would be used to target Muslims.

The Modi government came under pressure globally in this regard. The United Nations has openly criticized the CAA in an unconventional way.

India replied that this was its "internal matter" and that no external government or organization needed to interfere in its internal affairs.

Narendra Nagarwal, a Delhi University professor who writes on global affairs for a Russian council, says the law has tarnished India's image globally.


The international media took stock of India's post-CAA foreign policy and the damage it has done to the world. The important thing is that India is constantly moving towards global isolation and its close friends have questioned its attitude towards India's minorities.





















The riots in Delhi and the global reaction to it

Malaysian Prime Minister Mohtarma Mohtarma has openly criticized India over the CAA law and the riots in Delhi. He had already angered the Modi government by making his statement on the Kashmir issue.

Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan tweeted about the Delhi riots, which did not affect the health of the Modi government.

But Iran and Turkey strongly criticized the government over the Delhi riots and there were protests against the riots in Bangladesh.

To prove that his anti-Muslim image in India is a domestic political conspiracy, Narendra Modi has repeatedly spoken of his better and stronger relations with the Gulf countries.

He says the best relations in the history of India with the Gulf countries have been established during his tenure and the Maldives and Bahrain have awarded him their respective national civic honors.


But the Modi government has come under fire in the Gulf for targeting Muslims during the Delhi riots and the Corona virus. There are no strong indications of how seriously the Indian government has taken it.

















President Trump's visit to India

President Trump's visit to India was only for one day but this visit has been termed as one of the biggest successes of the second term of Modi government so far.

According to Indian affairs journalists in Washington, Trump's visit can be seen as a diplomatic victory for India. Chadanand Rajghatta, a longtime journalist in Washington, described the visit as a success for Modi in his column.

During the visit, a defense agreement was signed between the two countries, which President Trump himself announced: "Today, we have purchased more than ارب 3 billion worth of US defense equipment, including India's Apache and MH60R helicopters." It has expanded its defense cooperation by signing an agreement.

He added that the defense deals would "strengthen the strength of our defense alliance because our extremists are working side by side".

But by the time he was greeted by thousands of Indians at a large stadium in Ahmedabad, the corona virus had spread across the country.

Both leaders were criticized in this regard. Modi and President Trump call each other their close friends but Modi is also aware of Trump's resentment.

President Trump was angry with India when it banned the export of hydrochloroquine, India's malaria drug. At the time, Trump threatened retaliation.

Shortly afterwards, the Modi government announced that it would send the drug to the United States, after which the matter came to a head.

Outrage in the Gulf

The Gulf states have reacted sharply after a number of cases of discrimination against Muslims surfaced after the Tablighi Jamaat was blamed for the spread of the Corona virus in India.

Some Indian Muslims have been fired for writing anti-Muslim and anti-Islamic posts on social media.


Speaking to the BBC, Princess Hind, who belongs to a royal family there, said she was saddened by the incidents as she saw India as a great democracy and said such incidents were a shock to the people of her country. It seems or anti-Islamic," he added. 
















Deteriorating relations with neighboring countries

At the end of the first year of Modi's current tenure, relations with Nepal and China have soured.

Nepal has released a new political map claiming that Kalapani, Lampiadhra, and Uttarakhand's Lipolikh areas are part of Nepal.

India has strongly reacted to the map and asked Nepal not to be reluctant to include these areas in its map.

India has offered to talk to Nepal again.

Nepal has taken this step after the inauguration of the road connecting India and China by the Indian Defense Minister. Nepal claims that the area through which the road passes is part of Nepal. The Indian government has denied the allegations.

Tensions on the India-China border have resumed, raising concerns in India.

The good news for the Modi government recently is that the Maldives has sided with India against Pakistan in the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC).

But the fact cannot be ruled out that in the remaining years of Modi's tenure, improving relations with Nepal and China will be a major challenge for the government.

During the Corona virus outbreak, the Modi government has spoken to neighboring countries, including the G20. In addition, according to the Foreign Secretary, India has supplied medicines to 133 countries to control the epidemic.

Over the next four years, the Modi government will try to soften its foreign policy.


MJ Akbar says that in the 21st century, India will be one of the front line countries that will lead the world and this will probably be the endeavor of Narendra Modi in the next four years.



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